7 Foods to Avoid While Taking Jardiance| Comprehensive Guide

Foods to Avoid While Taking Jardiance

Many of the people are Diabetic and looking for foods to avoid while taking Jardiance. Jardiance, a medication commonly prescribed for managing type 2 diabetes, has proven to be an effective tool in controlling blood sugar levels and reducing the risk of cardiovascular events.

However, like many medications, its efficacy can be influenced by lifestyle choices, particularly diet. In this article, we will explore the foods to avoid while taking Jardiance to ensure optimal results in managing diabetes.

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Understanding Jardiance

Before delving into the dietary considerations, it’s crucial to understand how Jardiance works. Empagliflozin, the active ingredient in Jardiance, belongs to a class of medications known as SGLT2 inhibitors.

These drugs work by preventing the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys, leading to increased glucose excretion in the urine. While Jardiance can be highly effective in lowering blood sugar levels, certain dietary choices may impact its overall performance.

7 Foods to Avoid While Taking Jardiance

High-Glycemic Carbohydrates

Foods with a high glycemic index can cause rapid spikes in blood sugar levels, counteracting the effects of Jardiance. Steer clear of processed carbohydrates, which include cookies, white bread, and sugary cereals. Opt for whole grains, legumes, and vegetables with lower glycemic loads to maintain stable blood sugar levels.

Processed Sugars

Processed sugars, including candies, sodas, and other sugary snacks, can lead to abrupt increases in blood glucose levels. These fluctuations can interfere with the intended impact of Jardiance. Choose natural sweeteners or moderate your overall sugar intake for better diabetes management.

High-Fat Foods

While healthy fats are essential, excessive intake can contribute to weight gain and insulin resistance. Reduce your intake of processed snacks, fried foods, and fatty meat portions that include saturated and trans fats. Instead, focus on incorporating moderate amounts of heart-healthy fats like avocados, nuts, and olive oil into your diet.


Consuming alcohol, especially in excess, can affect blood sugar levels and increase the risk of hypoglycemia when combined with Jardiance. If you choose to drink, do so in moderation and be mindful of its potential impact on your diabetes management.

High-Sodium Foods

High-sodium foods can contribute to elevated blood pressure, which is a concern for individuals with diabetes. Excessive salt intake may also counteract the benefits of Jardiance. Minimize your consumption of processed foods, canned soups, and salty snacks, and opt for fresh, whole foods with lower sodium content.

Caffeine-Rich Beverages

While moderate caffeine intake is generally considered safe, excessive consumption may lead to dehydration and affect kidney function. Since Jardiance works by promoting the excretion of glucose through urine, maintaining proper hydration is crucial. Be mindful of your caffeine intake and ensure you balance it with an adequate amount of water.

High-Protein Diets

While protein is an essential component of a balanced diet, excessive protein intake may put a strain on the kidneys. Since Jardiance can affect kidney function, it is advisable to moderate protein consumption. Choose lean protein sources such as poultry, fish, and plant-based proteins while monitoring your overall protein intake.

How do these foods interact with Jardiance?

High-Glycemic Carbohydrates

  • Interfere with blood sugar control by causing rapid spikes.
  • Counteract the glucose-lowering effects of Jardiance.

Processed Sugars

  • Lead to abrupt increases in blood glucose levels.
  • Undermine the intended impact of Jardiance on blood sugar regulation.

High-Fat Foods

  • Excessive intake contributes to weight gain and insulin resistance.
  • May compromise the effectiveness of Jardiance in managing diabetes.


  • It affects blood sugar levels, potentially increasing the risk of hypoglycemia.
  • Consuming alcohol in excess may counteract the benefits of Jardiance.

High-Sodium Foods

  • Contribute to elevated blood pressure, a concern for individuals with diabetes.
  • Excessive salt intake may offset the positive effects of Jardiance on blood glucose.

Caffeine-Rich Beverages

  • Excessive caffeine intake may lead to dehydration.
  • Proper hydration is crucial for Jardiance’s function in promoting glucose excretion.

High-Protein Diets

  • Excessive protein intake may strain the kidneys.
  • Considering Jardiance’s potential impact on kidney function, moderation in protein consumption is advisable.

Complete Diet Plan for Diabetic Patients Type 1 and Type 2

Creating a comprehensive diet plan for individuals with diabetes, whether Type 1 or Type 2, involves considering various factors such as blood sugar levels, nutritional needs, and individual preferences. It is crucial to work closely with healthcare professionals, including dietitians and endocrinologists, to tailor the plan to specific needs. Below is a general guide that can serve as a starting point, but remember to customize it based on individual requirements:

General Dietary Guidelines

Balanced Macronutrients

  • Aim for a distribution of macronutrients (fats, proteins, and carbs) that is well-balanced.
  • Carbohydrates: Focus on complex carbohydrates with a low glycemic index (whole grains, legumes, vegetables).
  • Proteins: Incorporate low-fat dairy, fish, chicken, tofu, and beans as well as other lean protein sources.
  • Fats: Opt for heart-healthy fats like avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil in moderation.

Fiber-Rich Foods

  • Incorporate high-fiber foods to help control blood sugar levels and improve digestive health, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

Regular Meal Timing

  • Maintain consistent mealtimes to help regulate blood sugar levels.
  • Include three main meals and, if needed, snacks between meals.

Type 1 Diabetes-Specific Considerations

Carbohydrate Counting

  • Learn to count carbohydrates to help manage insulin dosage.
  • Work with a dietitian to determine the appropriate carbohydrate intake per meal.

Flexible Meal Planning

  • Consider using an insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio to adjust insulin doses based on the amount of carbohydrates in each meal.

Type 2 Diabetes-Specific Considerations

Portion Control

  • To control calorie consumption and encourage weight management, pay attention to portion sizes.
  • Focus on weight loss if overweight, as it can improve insulin sensitivity.

Glycemic Load Awareness

  • Consider the glycemic load of foods to manage blood sugar levels effectively.
  • Choose foods that have a minimal impact on blood glucose, such as non-starchy vegetables.

Common Recommendations With Foods To Avoid While Taking Jardiance

  • Reduce your intake of processed foods, candies, and sugar-filled beverages.
  • Opt for whole, unprocessed foods whenever possible.
  • Stay adequately hydrated with water throughout the day.
  • Limit consumption of sugary drinks and caffeinated beverages.
  • Monitor blood sugar levels regularly to understand how different foods affect them.
  • Adjust the diet plan based on individual responses and as recommended by healthcare providers.

Sample Day Meal Plan


  • Oatmeal with berries and a sprinkle of chia seeds.
  • Scrambled eggs with spinach and whole-grain toast.
  • Black coffee or herbal tea.


  • Grilled chicken or tofu salad with a variety of colorful vegetables.
  • Quinoa or brown rice as a side.
  • Greek yogurt or a piece of fruit.


  • Handful of nuts or seeds.
  • Vegetable sticks with hummus.


  • Baked or grilled fish with roasted sweet potatoes and steamed broccoli.
  • Mixed green salad with olive oil vinaigrette.

Snack (if needed)

  • Cottage cheese with sliced cucumber.
  • Herbal tea or water.

Remember, individual needs may vary, and it’s essential to monitor blood sugar levels regularly. Consult with healthcare professionals, including dietitians and endocrinologists, for personalized advice and adjustments to the diet plan based on specific health conditions and goals.

Other Alternatives of Jardiance

here are some other SGLT2 inhibitors and alternative classes of medications used for managing type 2 diabetes:

Other SGLT2 Inhibitors

  • Invokana (canagliflozin)

Another SGLT2 inhibitor that works similarly to Jardiance.

  • Farxiga (dapagliflozin)

Dapagliflozin is another medication in the SGLT2 inhibitor class.

Alternative Medication Classes

  • Metformin

A commonly prescribed medication for type 2 diabetes that helps improve insulin sensitivity and reduce glucose production in the liver.

  • Sulfonylureas

Examples include glipizide and glyburide. They stimulate the pancreas to release more insulin.

  • DPP-4 Inhibitors (gliptins)

Examples include sitagliptin and saxagliptin. They increase insulin release and decrease glucose production.

  • GLP-1 Receptor Agonists:

Examples include liraglutide, dulaglutide. They stimulate insulin secretion and reduce appetite.

  • Insulin:

Insulin therapy may be prescribed in various forms for individuals with type 2 diabetes to help regulate blood sugar levels.

  • Thiazolidinediones (TZDs):

Examples include pioglitazone, rosiglitazone. They improve insulin sensitivity in the body.

How To Sum Up?

When taking Jardiance to manage type 2 diabetes, adopting a mindful and balanced approach to your diet is crucial. Avoiding certain foods that can counteract the medication’s effects will contribute to better blood sugar control and overall well-being.

Always consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to create a personalized dietary plan that aligns with your specific health needs and goals.

By making informed choices, individuals can optimize the benefits of Jardiance and enhance their diabetes management journey.